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19/02/18 Exhibitions at New Lanark # , , , , , , , ,

10 Facts about Andy Warhol

10 Facts about Andy Warhol

Here at New Lanark, we are delighted to be exhibiting ARTIST TEXTILES Picasso to Warhol until 29 April 2018. The exhibition traces 20th century art in textiles and vintage fashions with highlights including prints of work by Picasso, Warhol, Dali and Matisse. ARTIST TEXTILES was curated by the Fashion and Textile Museum in London, and has previously toured internationally to the Netherlands, USA and Canada.

This will be the first time the collection of over 200 rare and vintage pieces have been shown in Scotland!

To celebrate the exhibition we are going to be sharing a series of ‘Artist in Focus’ blog posts, to let you know more about these fascinating artists whose work will be shown at New Lanark…

Artist in Focus: Andy Warhol

  1. Early Years

Andy Warhol was born on 6th August 1928 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Andy Warhol’s actual name was Andy Warhola. He changed his last name and dropped the ending alphabet “a” when he moved to the state of New York to pursue a career in the arts after completing his Bachelor degree in the year 1949. Andy Warhol’s parents namely Ondrej Varhola and Julia were immigrants from Slovakia. His father was a laborer and his mother used to earn by cleaning houses and making handicrafts. The couple’s first child was born when they were still in Slovakia but he died before they migrated to the United States of America. They later had three sons namely Paul (1923), John (1925) and Andy (1928).

As a child, Andy Warhol enjoyed drawing immensely. He drew many portraits of his friends and family. In 1945, Andy graduated Schenley High School at the young age of sixteen. He started his studies at Carnegie Tech the following September and t wasn’t long before his drawing abilities became known amongst his peers. A small number of drawings from his time at college are housed in The Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh. Warhol’s primary ambition while at Carnegie Tech was to become a fine artist and possibly teach art like some of his professors. Instead, the opportunity came up to leave Pittsburgh and pursue art in New York City with Philip Pearlstein. He immediately started into the field of illustration. His aspirations in becoming a fine artist were postponed since the illustration work earned him a very good income.

 

2. Illustration

Andy Warhol’s earliest work was for a magazine titled “Glamour”. It was his first ever assignment in which he was given a task to write an article. His article was titled as “Success is a Job in New York.”

3. POP!

Warhol is considered a pioneer of “Pop Art” which was an art movement during 1950s. The movement started in Britain during the mid-1950s and was initiated in America in the latter part of the 1950s. Pop art was contradictory to the well-known traditional ways of art.

4. Mixing Media

He worked with many forms of media, including: painting, printmaking, photography, drawing, sculpture, film and music. He also started a magazine (called Interview Magazine) and he wrote several books.

 

5. The Factory

Warhol’s studio was called The Factory, which was a reference to the mass-produced nature of his artworks. He saw art as a product, the same as the clothes you wear and the food you eat. He had a very particular personal style. He had a shock of white hair and was usually seen wearing a lot of black, leather jackets and glasses or sunglasses.

 

6. Born in the USA

In the 1960s he produced a series of paintings of iconic American images and objects, these included: Campbell’s Soup cans, dollar bills, Marilyn Monroe and Elvis Presley and Coca-Cola bottles.


7. Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous

In the 1970s Warhol produced work for many celebrities, including: Mick Jagger, John Lennon and Diana Ross.

 

8. New York Academy of Art

In 1980, Andy Warhol was involved in the founding of The New York Academy of Art along with other artists, scholars and patrons of the arts including Stuart Pivar, Dennis Smith and Russell Wilkinson. The founders were passionate about fostering the resurgence of representational and figurative art and recognized the importance of classical education in drawing, painting and sculpture as a solid foundation for contemporary artists.

9. Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts

Andy Warhol died on 22nd February 1987 following post gallbladder surgery complications. He is buried at St John the Baptist Byzantine Cemetery, next to his parents. After Andy Warhol’s death, his will was read out. According to his will, his estate (except for a few things) was to be auctioned to create a foundation that would work for the advancement of the visual arts. The auction of his estate resulted in collecting around $20 million. This money resulted in the formation of “Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts”. The foundation has been contributing towards the enhancement of arts and overcoming the challenges it possesses since then.

10. Inspiration

Andy Warhol is an inspiration to many young and aspiring artists around the world. For this very reason, “The Andy Warhol Museum” has been built in his memory. The museum stands in Andy’s hometown in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It is the largest museum in America solely devoted to the art collection of a single artist. It has seven floors with over 17 galleries, 77 sculptures, 900 paintings, 2,000 paper works, 1,000 prints, 4,000 photographs and 4,350 films and videos.

 

Thank you for reading. I hope we have inspired you to visit the fascinating ARTIST TEXTILES exhibition at New Lanark, where you can see prints of Warhol’s work alongside a host of  other talented artists including Picasso, Dali and Matisse. The exhibition now includes four more pieces of clothing made from printed silk textiles designed by Andy Warhol, all relatively new discoveries, with two of them never having been exhibited to the public before. The garments include two ‘ice cream’ dresses, the ‘Buttons’ dress and the ‘Candy Apple’ blouse.

Click here to book tickets and find out more about ARTIST TEXTILES Picasso to Warhol at New Lanark

Neil Hanna Photography<br /> www.neilhannaphotography.co.uk<br /> 07702 246823

Melissa – New Lanark Marketing and PR Officer

 

Sources:

http://www.tate.org.uk/kids/explore/who-is/who-andy-warhol

http://www.warhola.com/earlyart.html

ANDY WARHOL: 20 FUN FACTS

10 Andy Warhol Facts

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18/01/18 Exhibitions at New Lanark # , , , , ,

10 Facts about Pablo Picasso

10 Facts about Pablo Picasso

It’s likely that most people will have heard of the name ‘Picasso’, even if they do not consider themselves an art lover. That’s because Pablo Picasso was a prolific creator of art who completed more than 1800 paintings, more than 1200 sculptures, more than 2500 ceramic works, more than 10000 drawings and many tapestries during his career. He was a painter, sculptor, print-maker and poet who is widely hailed as one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century.

Here at New Lanark, we are delighted to be opening our new Exhibition Gallery with a stunning exhibition, ARTIST TEXTILES Picasso to Warhol from 26 January – 29 April 2018. The exhibition traces 20th century art in textiles and vintage fashions with highlights including prints of work by Picasso, Warhol, Dali and Matisse. ARTIST TEXTILES was curated by the Fashion and Textile Museum in London, and has previously toured internationally to the Netherlands, USA and Canada.

This will be the first time the collection of over 200 rare and vintage pieces have been shown in Scotland!

To celebrate the exhibition we are going to be sharing a series of ‘Artist in Focus’ blog posts, to let you know more about these fascinating artists whose work will be shown at New Lanark…


 Artist in Focus: Pablo Picasso

 

1. Picasso’s Full Name Has 23 Words

Picasso was baptized Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruíz y Picasso. He was named after various saints and relatives. The “Picasso” is actually from his mother, Maria Picasso y Lopez. His father is named Jose Ruiz Blasco.

Picasso at age 10. (Credit: API/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images)

Picasso at age 10. (Credit: API/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images)


2. Picasso’s first word

Picasso’s mother claimed that his first word was “piz,” short of lápiz the Spanish word for ‘pencil.’ It’s like he was born to be an artist! At the age of 7, Picasso’s father Ruiz, who was also a painter and art professor, began to give him a formal education in art, focussing on drawing techniques and oil painting.

 

3. Picasso’s first paintings

Two years later, at the tender young age of 9, Picasso completed his first painting: Le picador, a man riding a horse in a bullfight. At the age of thirteen, Picasso studied at the School of fine Arts in Barcelona – at this point his father vowed to give up painting as he felt his son had surpassed him!

Pablo Picasso, Le Picador (1890)

Pablo Picasso, Le Picador (1890)

At the age of 15 Picasso completed his first major painting, an “academic” work named ‘First Communion’, featuring a portrait of his father, mother, and younger sister kneeling before an altar. At the age of 16, Picasso entered the Royal Academy of San Fernando in Madrid.

First Communion, 1869 by Picasso. Courtesy of www.PabloPicasso.org

4. Picasso at school

Despite his clear artistic abilities, Picasso was not a committed student and he frequently missed classes. He particularly didn’t like being told what to do, and was often sent to ‘detention’, which might not have been much of a punishment after all:

For being a bad student I was banished to the ‘calaboose’ – a bare cell with whitewashed walls and a bench to sit on. I liked it there, because I took along a sketch pad and drew incessantly … I could have stayed there forever drawing without stopping ” 
– Pablo Picasso

 

5. Cubism: Full of Little Cubes

In 1909, Picasso and French artist Georges Braque (whose work is also shown in ARTIST TEXTILES) co-founded an art movement known as cubism. Actually, it was a French art critic Louis Vauxcelles who first called it “bizarre cubiques” or cubism, after noting that Picasso and Braque’s paintings are “full of little cubes.”

Girl with Mandolin, 1910 by Pablo Picasso

Girl with Mandolin, 1910 by Pablo Picasso

 

6. “Minotaurs and Matadors”

In the 1930s Picasso became fascinated with the mythical creature the Minotaur, a creature with the body of a man and head of a bull. It appeared in many of his pieces of art such as La Minotauromachie VII (1935). Apparently Picasso identified himself with this creature,  its human and animal principle, locked in a maze, hidden from sunlight. In 2017,”Minotaurs and Matadors” – an exhibition curated by Sir John Richardson in partnership with Gagosian and Picasso’s grandson, Bernard Ruiz-Picasso, opened in London. The exhibition examined the intersection of Picasso’s bullfighting imagery with his mythological and biographical compositions of the 1930s.

If all the ways I have been along were marked on a map and joined up with a line, it might represent a Minotaur.
—Pablo Picasso

La Minotauromachie VII (1935)

La Minotauromachie VII (1935), Pablo Picasso. Photo: Prudence Cumming Associates; Courtesy Gagosian; 2017 Estate of Pablo Picasso/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

 

7. Did Picasso steal the Mona Lisa?

Actually no, but in 1911, when the famous painting Mona Lisa of Leonardo da Vinci was stolen from the Louvre, the police took in Picasso’s friend, the poet Guillaume Apollinaire. Apollinaire fingered Picasso as a suspect, so the police hauled him in for questioning. Both were later released.

 

8. Most expensive artwork sold at auction

In 2015 Picasso’s ‘Women of Algiers (Version O)’ set a new world record for the most expensive artwork to be sold at auction after reaching $179m (£115m) in New York. The painting had been expected to exceed $140m before the auction but the final price far exceeded those estimates in a sale at Christie’s auction house at a time when collectors’ appetite for masterpieces of impressionist, modern and contemporary art was increasing.  Women of Algiers, once owned by the American collectors Victor and Sally Ganz, was inspired by Picasso’s fascination with the 19th-century French artist Eugène Delacroix. It is part of a 15-work series Picasso created in 1954-1955 designated with the letters A to O. It has appeared in several major museum retrospectives of the artist.

'Les femmes d'Alger' or 'Women of Algiers'

‘Les femmes d’Alger’ or ‘Women of Algiers’

Picasso’s record was broken at the end of 2017 when Leonardo Da Vinci’s ‘Salvator Mundi’ sold for an astonishing $400m (£304m). The picture, of a serene-looking Christ dressed in blue and holding an orb, is one of fewer than 20 works by Leonardo still in existence, and was one of only 10 in history to be sold at auction. Yet most predicted it would sell for about $120m, less than the record-breaking $179.4m which was paid for Picasso’s Les Femmes d’Alger in 2015.

Salvator Mundi, Leonardo Da Vinci

Salvator Mundi, https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2017/nov/16/salvator-mundi-leonardo-da-vinci-most-expensive-painting-ever-sold-auction

 

9. Moving to France

In between his Blue (1901 – 1904) and Rose (1904 – 1906) Periods, Pablo Picasso moved to France. In 1900, Pablo Picasso spent time in Paris for the first time. He shared a room with Max Jacob, a poet and journalist, and Picasso learnt how to speak and read French. In Paris he met and became good friends with the artist Henri Matisse (whose work is also shown in ARTIST TEXTILES). Throughout the early part of the 20th century, Picasso spent time living in both Paris and Barcelona. In 1918 Picasso got married to Olga Khokhlova, a Russian ballerina. they remained legally married until 1955, but they separated in about 1927. During World War 2, Picasso lived in occupied Paris. He continued to produce art but he didn’t exhibit any of his work during the war years.

 

10. Taking on textile projects…

In the early 1960s, Picasso agreed to design for two almost unknown textile projects, both launched in 1963. In this period, Picasso was allowing his pictures to be printed on almost any fabric, save upholstery. The sofa was a line he wouldn’t cross, as the curators of ARTIST TEXTILES note: ‘Picassos may be leaned against, not sat on.’ Visitors to ARTIST TEXTILES at New Lanark will be able to see a range of Picasso prints used within vintage garments and large textile prints.

Picasso Unseen

Picasso Unseen, ‘ARTIST TEXTILES Picasso to Warhol’

 

Thank you for reading. I hope we have inspired you to visit the fascinating ARTIST TEXTILES exhibition at New Lanark, where you can see prints of Picasso’s work alongside a host of  other talented artists including Warhol, Dali and Matisse.

Click here to book tickets and find out more about ARTIST TEXTILES Picasso to Warhol at New Lanark

Melissa – New Lanark Marketing and PR Officer

 

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